Slackware Linux 14.0
Patrick J. Volkerding:
Yes, it is that time again! After well over a year of planning, development, and testing, the Slackware Linux Project is proud to announce the latest stable release of the longest running distribution of the Linux operating system, Slackware version 14.0!
We are sure you’ll enjoy the many improvements. We’ve done our best to bring the latest technology to Slackware while still maintaining the stability and security that you have come to expect. Slackware is well known for its simplicity and the fact that we try to bring software to you in the condition that the authors intended.
Slackware 14.0 brings many updates and enhancements, among which you’ll find two of the most advanced desktop environments available today: Xfce 4.10.0, a fast and lightweight but visually appealing and easy to use desktop environment, and KDE 4.8.5, a recent stable release of the 4.8.x series of the award-winning KDE desktop environment. These desktops utilize udev, udisks, and udisks2, and many of the specifications from freedesktop.org which allow the system administrator to grant use of various hardware devices according to users’ group membership so that they will be able to use items such as USB flash sticks, USB cameras that appear like USB storage, portable hard drives, CD and DVD media, MP3 players, and more, all without requiring sudo, the mount or umount command. Just plug and play. Slackware’s desktop should be suitable for any level of Linux experience.
Slackware uses the 3.2.29 kernel bringing you advanced performance features such as journaling filesystems, SCSI and ATA RAID volume support, SATA support, Software RAID, LVM (the Logical Volume Manager), and encrypted filesystems. Kernel support for X DRI (the Direct Rendering Interface) brings high-speed hardware accelerated 3D graphics to Linux.
There are two kinds of kernels in Slackware. First there are the huge kernels, which contain support for just about every driver in the Linux kernel. These are primarily intended to be used for installation, but there’s no real reason that you couldn’t continue to run them after you have installed. The other type of kernel is the generic kernel, in which nearly every driver is built as a module. To use a generic kernel you’ll need to build an initrd to load your filesystem module and possibly your drive controller or other drivers needed at boot time, configure LILO to load the initrd at boot, and reinstall LILO. See the docs in /boot after installing for more information. Slackware’s Linux kernels come in both SMP and non-SMP types now. The SMP kernel supports multiple processors, multi-core CPUs, HyperThreading, and about every other optimization available. In our own testing this kernel has proven to be fast, stable, and reliable. We recommend using the SMP kernel even on single processor machines if it will run on them. Note that on x86_64 (64-bit), all the kernels are SMP capable.
Here are some of the advanced features of Slackware 14.0:
- Runs the 3.2.29 version of the Linux kernel from ftp.kernel.org. The 3.2.x series is well-tested, offers good performance, and will be getting long term support from kernel.org. For people interested in trying out newer kernels, we’ve provided sample configuration files for Linux 3.4.11, 3.5.4, and 3.6-rc4 under the /testing directory.
- System binaries are linked with the GNU C Library, version 2.15. This version of glibc also has excellent compatibility with existing binaries.
- X11 based on the X.Org Foundation’s modular X Window System. This is X11R7.7, a new release, with many improvements in terms of performance and hardware support.
- Installs gcc-4.7.1 as the default C, C++, Objective-C, Fortran-77/95/2003/2008, and Ada 95/2005/2012 compiler.
- Support for NetworkManager for simple configuration of wired and wireless network connections, including mobile broadband, IPv6, VPN, and more. Roam seamlessly between known networks, and quickly set up new connections. We’ve retained full support for the traditional Slackware networking scripts and for the wicd network manager, offering choice and flexibility to all levels of users.
- Support for fully encrypted network connections with OpenSSL, OpenSSH, OpenVPN, and GnuPG.
- Apache (httpd) 2.4.3 web server with Dynamic Shared Object support, SSL, and PHP 5.4.7.
- USB, IEEE 1394 (FireWire), and ACPI support, as well as legacy PCMCIA and Cardbus support. This makes Slackware a great operating system for your laptop.
- The udev dynamic device management system for Linux 3.x. This locates and configures most hardware automatically as it is added (or removed) from the system, loading kernel modules as needed. It works along with the kernel’s devtmpfs filesystem to create access nodes in the /dev directory.
- New development tools, including Perl 5.16.1, Python 2.7.3, Ruby 1.9.3-p194, Subversion 1.7.6, git-22.214.171.124, mercurial-2.2.2, graphical tools like Qt designer and KDevelop, and much more.
- Updated versions of the Slackware package management tools make it easy to add, remove, upgrade, and make your own Slackware packages. Package tracking makes it easy to upgrade from Slackware 13.37 to Slackware 14.0 (see UPGRADE.TXT and CHANGES_AND_HINTS.TXT). The slackpkg tool can also help update from an older version of Slackware to a newer one, and keep your Slackware system up to date. In addition, the slacktrack utility will help you build and maintain your own packages.
- Web browsers galore! Includes KDE’s Konqueror 4.8.5, SeaMonkey 2.12.1 (this is the replacement for the Mozilla Suite), Mozilla Firefox 15.0.1, as well as the Thunderbird 15.0.1 email and news client with advanced junk mail filtering. A script is also available in /extra to repackage Google Chrome as a native Slackware package.
- The KDE Software Compilation 4.8.5, a complete desktop environment. This includes the Calligra productivity suite (previously known as KOffice), networking tools, GUI development with KDevelop, multimedia tools (including the Amarok music player and K3B disc burning software), the Konqueror web browser and file manager, dozens of games and utilities, international language support, and more.
- A collection of GTK+ based applications including pidgin-2.10.6, gimp-2.8.2 (with many improvements including a single window mode), gkrellm-2.3.5, xchat-2.8.8, xsane-0.998, and pan-0.139.
- A repository of extra software packages compiled and ready to run in the /extra directory.